Advantages and Disadvantages of life insurance policy

Advantages and Disadvantages of life insurance policy
Life insurance penetration in India remains low as many perceive it as an unnecessary investment rather than a vital financial safeguard. This outlook overlooks the unpredictable nature of life, where being prepared for uncertainties is crucial. Life insurance offers financial security to loved ones in case of unforeseen events, providing a safety net for various expenses. Understanding both the advantages, including financial protection and peace of mind, and the limitations, such as potentially higher premiums for permanent policies, is essential before purchasing a policy. Despite India’s high population, its insurance penetration is minimal, with many viewing insurance solely as an expense. Recognizing insurance as a proactive investment can significantly enhance financial security during life’s unpredictable moments, making it an essential consideration for families.

Advantages of Life Insurance

Death Benefit

The death benefit of a life insurance policy is designed to ensure final beneficiaries upon their untimely death, providing compensation significantly above the policyholder’s usual income. This key benefit can be received as either a lump sum or monthly payments, offering flexibility and continuous support, particularly to families with dependents or those requiring special care. It encompasses the sum assured plus any accrued bonuses, offering substantial financial relief and helping maintain the beneficiaries’ standard of living.

Investment Returns

Life insurance is highly valued in financial planning for its dual role in providing both security and the potential for significant returns. In India, it stands out with competitive returns and bonuses among investment options, ensuring the safety and guaranteed return of capital upon maturity or as a death benefit. Offering a diverse range of policies, life insurance uniquely merges the benefits of insurance coverage with investment returns, making it a strategic choice for comprehensive financial protection and growth.

Financial Security for Dependents: 

The primary advantage of life insurance is to provide financial protection, preventing financial instability for a family after the policyholder’s untimely death. It provides a safety net for various life stages, with policies that ensure beneficiaries’ security and support specific financial goals like education or homeownership. Choosing the right policy is essential for aligning with personal financial planning needs.

Tax Benefits:

Premiums paid for life insurance policies qualify for income tax deductions under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961, allowing a maximum deduction of ₹1.5 lakh annually. This provision offers a strategic avenue for individuals to lower their taxable income by investing in life insurance, effectively utilizing it not only as a financial protection tool but also as a means to reduce tax liability within the stipulated conditions of Indian tax laws.

Loan availability:

Life insurance policies can serve as collateral for loans, providing policyholders with an additional financial resource during emergencies. Insurance companies typically allow borrowing up to a certain percentage of the policy’s sum assured, facilitating access to funds for urgent needs without depleting personal savings. This feature enhances the liquidity of life insurance, enabling policyholders to manage financial exigencies efficiently. It’s advisable to review the loan provisions when acquiring a new policy to understand the extent of financial flexibility offered.

Additional Coverage:

Riders enhance life insurance policies by offering additional coverage options, such as personal accident protection, premium waiver, and critical illness coverage, allowing for a more comprehensive insurance solution. They complement health insurance by providing broader financial security for dependents, allowing policyholders to specifically tailor their coverage to meet personal needs.

Wealth Transfer & Cash Value Benefits:

Life insurance can be a strategic tool for estate planning, facilitating the smooth transfer of wealth to the next generation. Certain types of life insurance policies accumulate cash value over time, which policyholders can withdraw or borrow against during their lifetime.

These advantages make life insurance a cornerstone of sound financial planning, offering both security and growth potential to policyholders and their families.

Disadvantages of Life Insurance

Expensive premium for aged people

Life insurance premiums escalate with age, reflecting the increased risk insurers face. Purchasing a policy early in life can mitigate high premium costs, as premiums are lower for younger, healthier individuals. Factors such as age, health status, and family medical history influence premium calculations, making insurance more costly and potentially harder to acquire for older adults or those with medical conditions. This emphasizes the strategic advantage of securing life insurance early to avoid prohibitive costs and the risk of policy rejection in later years.

Difficult to understand in returns

Life insurance returns are uncertain and market-dependent, making them less predictable and generally lower than those from dedicated investment options. This is especially true for Unit-Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs), where market volatility can significantly impact returns, highlighting the need for careful consideration when comparing life insurance to other investments.

Complexity in policies

The complexity of life insurance products, characterized by diverse types and intricate terms, poses challenges for consumers in selecting the ideal policy. This complexity, coupled with technical jargon in policy documents, often results in policyholders depending on agents for clarity. Additionally, the wide range of options available further complicates the decision-making process, making it difficult to choose the most appropriate policy.

Issues with claim settlement

It’s critical to thoroughly review life insurance policy documents to understand inclusions, exclusions, and claim approval criteria, as claims can be rejected or reduced due to specific clauses. Opting for insurers with high claim settlement ratios is beneficial; for example, TATA AIA Life Insurance reported a 98% Individual Death claim settlement ratio for FY 2020-21, indicating reliability and a streamlined claims process.

Delayed Payouts

In some cases, there may be delays in the payout of the death benefit, which can beproblematic for families needing immediate financial support.

Understanding these disadvantages is essential for making an informed decision about whether life insurance is the right choice for an individual’s financial planning strategy.

Read more


Ilife insurance transcends mere investment returns, serving as an essential tool for safeguarding your family’s financial future against uncertainties. Investing time to comprehend different insurance plans and consulting with a financial advisor for guidance is advisable. Understanding both the advantages and disadvantages of life insurance is crucial to selecting a policy that aligns with your financial goals and provides for your loved ones in your absence.


Add Comment