How to Get GST Number: A Step-by-Step Guide

Obtaining a Goods and Services Tax (GST) number is essential for any business in India with an annual turnover exceeding the threshold limit set by the government. The GST number is a unique identifier that allows businesses to collect and remit GST to the government. Here’s a comprehensive guide to help you through the process of getting a GST number.

What is GST?

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a unified, multi-stage, destination-based tax that is levied on every value addition. It replaced many indirect taxes in India, including VAT, service tax, and excise duty, thereby simplifying the tax structure.

Who Needs a GST Number?

  • Businesses with an annual turnover exceeding ₹20 lakhs (₹10 lakhs for special category states).
  • Individuals making inter-state supplies.
  • Casual taxable persons and non-resident taxable persons.
  • Agents of a supplier.
  • Input service distributors.
  • E-commerce operators.
  • Businesses required to pay tax under the reverse charge mechanism.

Steps to Obtain a GST Number

Step 1: Gather Required Documents

Before you start the registration process, ensure you have the following documents:

  • PAN Card of the business or applicant.
  • Proof of business registration or incorporation certificate.
  • Identity and address proof of promoters/directors with photographs.
  • Address proof of the business place.
  • Bank account statement/cancelled cheque.
  • Digital Signature (Class 2 or 3).
  • Letter of Authorization/Board Resolution for authorized signatory.

Step 2: Visit the GST Portal

  • Go to the official GST portal
  • Click on ‘Services’ > ‘Registration’ > ‘New Registration’.

Step 3: Fill in Part-A of the Application Form

  • Select ‘New Registration’ and fill in details like:
  • Type of taxpayer (e.g., Individual, Company, LLP, etc.).
  • State and district.
  • Business name and PAN.
  • Email address and mobile number.
  • After filling in the details, click on ‘Proceed’.
  • You will receive an OTP on your registered email and mobile number. Enter the OTP to verify.

Step 4: Fill in Part-B of the Application Form

  • You will receive a Temporary Reference Number (TRN) on your registered email and mobile number.
  • Revisit the GST portal, select ‘Temporary Reference Number (TRN)’, and enter the TRN.
  • Complete the captcha and proceed.
  • You will receive another OTP. Enter the OTP to proceed.

Step 5: Complete the Application

  • After OTP verification, you will be directed to the dashboard where you can complete the registration.
  • Fill in details such as business information, promoter/director details, authorized signatory, principal place of business, additional places of business, and HSN code for goods and services.
  • Upload the required documents.

Step 6: Verification and Submission

  • After filling in all the details, verify the application using Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) or Electronic Verification Code (EVC).
  • Submit the application.

Step 7: ARN Generation

  • After submission, you will receive an Application Reference Number (ARN) via email and SMS.
  • You can track the status of your application using the ARN on the GST portal.

Step 8: GST Number Allotment

  • Once the application is processed, the GST department will issue a GST number, which will be sent to your registered email address.
  • You can also download the GST Registration Certificate from the GST portal.

Tips for a Smooth Registration Process

  • Ensure all documents are up-to-date and accurate to avoid delays or rejections.
  • Double-check all information entered in the application form.
  • Use a stable internet connection to avoid interruptions during the registration process.
  • Seek professional help if you are unsure about any part of the registration process.

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Obtaining a GST number is a crucial step for any business operating in India. It not only ensures compliance with the law but also enables businesses to avail of input tax credits and streamline their tax processes. By following the above steps and ensuring all details are accurate, you can obtain your GST number smoothly and efficiently.

If you have any questions or need assistance with GST registration, feel free to reach out to professional consultants or the GST helpdesk for guidance.


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