How To Invest In Gold In Stock Market

Gold is a popular and traditional investment in India, prized for its stability and safety. Its global price consistency and growing demand lead to regular price increases, making it accessible even for those with minimal financial expertise. Nowadays, gold is also available in electronic forms, providing a safer alternative to physical ownership. Although gold may not yield exceptionally high returns, it offers a secure and stable investment choice over the long term, unlike more volatile assets.

Investing in gold remains a strategic choice for diversifying portfolios, especially in unstable markets. In India, gold is not only culturally and traditionally significant but also a key financial asset. With the challenges of storing physical gold, many investors are turning to the stock market for alternatives like Gold ETFs, Sovereign Gold Bonds, and gold mutual funds. This guide covers these digital options, explaining their mechanics, online accessibility, and potential returns.

Benefits of Investing in Gold through Share Market

  • Protection Against Inflation Risks:Gold often appreciates in value, offering protection against inflation and making it a solid long-term investment.
  • Saving for the Future: Gold is a secure way to save for the future. Investing in gold coins or biscuits, which come with a certificate of authenticity, ensures both security and flexibility in future use.
  • Ease of Transactions: Gold is straightforward to buy and sell, available at jewellery stores and easy to liquidate through trusted jewellers or as collateral for loans.
  • Low Maintenance Cost: Unlike real estate, gold requires no upkeep, maintaining its condition and value over time without additional costs.
  • Price Stability: Gold provides price stability, maintaining its value even during market downturns and financial crises, making it a reliable asset in unstable times.
  • Diversification: Adding gold to an investment portfolio can reduce risk and volatility because gold often moves inversely to stock markets. This diversification can smooth out returns and reduce the overall risk of your portfolio.

These benefits make gold a unique and valuable component of any investment strategy, especially in times of market uncertainty or when preserving capital is a priority.

Gold Investment Plans

Investing in gold through the stock market is a practical option for those looking to diversify their investment portfolio without the physical handling of the metal. Here’s how to do it:

1. Gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs):

  • What are they? Gold ETFs are exchange-traded funds that invest directly in physical gold. Each share of a Gold ETF represents a fixed amount of gold and mirrors the current market price of gold. These shares are traded on the stock market much like company stocks, providing a cost-efficient and convenient way to invest in gold without the high making charges associated with physical gold jewellery.
  • How to invest? To invest in Gold ETFs, you’ll need to open a Demat account, which is where your ETF shares will be held electronically. Once your account is set up, you can buy and sell ETF shares through any brokerage account, just like trading stocks. Keep in mind that opening a Demat account may involve brokerage fees.

2. Solid Gold (Biscuits, Bars, Coins):

  • What is it? Investing in solid gold involves purchasing physical gold in the form of biscuits, bars, or coins. These forms of gold typically have much lower making charges compared to jewelry, making them a more cost-effective option for gold investment. They represent pure gold and are valued based on the current market price of gold.
  • How to invest? To invest in solid gold, you can purchase these items from reputable dealers, banks, or specialized precious metal traders. When buying, ensure the gold’s purity and authenticity by checking for certifications or hallmarks.

3. Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs):

  • What are they? Sovereign Gold Bonds are government securities issued by the Reserve Bank of India, providing an alternative to physical gold. Investors pay for the bonds in cash, which are linked to the current price of gold, and earn a fixed interest over the term.
  • How to invest? SGBs can be bought during subscription periods announced by the RBI, through its website, banks, or stock exchanges. They have a lock-in period of 5 years and a total maturity of 8 years, but can be traded on stock exchanges if needed before maturity.

4. Digital Gold

  • What is it? Digital gold allows investors to buy gold online in small increments, even as little as Rs. 10, making it accessible to a broad audience. The gold is backed by physical gold held by the platform, ensuring that each digital unit represents real gold. The price of digital gold is updated in real time, reflecting current market prices.
  • How to invest? To invest in digital gold, you can use various fintech platforms that offer the ability to purchase, sell, and manage your gold investments digitally. Transactions can be made starting from just 1 Rupee, and investors can track their holdings online without worrying about the security or storage of physical gold.

5. Gold Schemes (Saving Instruments)

  • What are they? Gold saving schemes are structured like regular savings plans, where you deposit a fixed amount regularly at a jeweler. These schemes often run for a duration like 11 months or 2 years, accumulating your contributions over time.
  • How to invest? To invest in a gold saving scheme, choose a reputable jeweler who offers such plans. You make monthly deposits similar to a systematic investment plan (SIP), and at the end of the term, you can purchase gold at the current market price using the total amount saved.

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Investing in gold through the stock market offers a variety of options tailored to different investment goals and risk tolerances. From Gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) that provide ease and efficiency, to Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs) that offer government-backed security and interest benefits, each method presents unique advantages. Additionally, digital gold platforms enable convenient small-scale investments with real-time pricing and flexibility. As with any investment, it’s crucial to consider your financial objectives, conduct thorough research, and possibly consult with a financial advisor to choose the best gold investment strategy for your needs. By leveraging these modern investment vehicles, you can effectively include gold in your portfolio as a hedge against market volatility and inflation.


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